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Afternoon Video: First Lady Sings & Snapchats To Promote "Let Girls Learn"

"Meant to promote the first lady’s Let Girls Learn initiative, 'This Is For My Girls' grabbed headlines when it was first released but hasn’t quite stuck in the public consciousness since then."

Update: If School Reform Is Class Conflict, A Social Justice Approach Could Hurt

As I read it, this piece in The New Yorker (Pale Fire) suggests that the current conflict over education reform is in many ways the playing out of long-simmering white-on-white class conflicts.

If so, this would suggest that focusing narrowly on social justice issues -- while entirely understandable in short-term tactical terms -- could only exacerbate the conflict and theoretically slow progress. 

It's nothing you haven't thought or read or perhaps articulated yourself, but a worthwhile reminder. 

 

Books: Inequality & Achievement Gaps At "Rolling Acres Public Schools"

41d-oIr7c9L._SX331_BO1,204,203,200_"Nestled in neighborhoods of varying degrees of affluence, suburban public schools are typically better resourced than their inner-city peers and known for their extracurricular offerings and college preparatory programs. Despite the glowing opportunities that many families associate with suburban schooling, accessing a district's resources is not always straightforward, particularly for black and poorer families."

That's the promo blurb for Inequality in the Promised Land: Race, Resources, and Suburban Schooling, by L'Heureux Lewis-McCoy.

It's one of several recent books taking a long hard look at suburban communities whose schools may not be as good (or as equitable) as may be commonly believed -- for example Amanda Lewis' With The Best Of Intentions.

Related posts: How Racial Inequality Gets Baked Into SchoolsWhite Teachers, Black Students: An "Awkward Disconnect"Mugshots Help Combat Racial StereotypesBest Titles To Help White Teachers, Parents, Reporters Understand RaceForthcoming Novel Highlights White Parents & Diverse Schools.

 

Morning Listen: Unacknowledged Racism In The Leafy Suburbs

Check out this fascinating American RadioWorks interview titled Race in Suburban Schools, featuring L’Heureux Lewis-McCoy talking about his look at one Midwestern suburban school district that illustrates the increasing diversity and nagging achievement gaps in the leafy burbs. One striking example Lewis-McCoy describes is how he observes white teachers hold back from correcting the grammar and speech of black and brown students to avoid stigmatizing them. 

 

Magazine: Rethinking "Ghetto" Communities -- & Their Schools

This recent New Yorker article (There Goes the Neighborhood) raises a bunch of important questions about how we think about gentrification and low-income communities that used to be commonly called "ghettos" -- and, by extension, low-income (generally low-performing) schools.

Scholars have long been sympathetic towards these communities, according to the piece:

"Scholars who studied the ghetto tended to be motivated by sympathy for its residents, which often resulted in a complicated sort of sympathy for ghettos themselves."

It could be argued that some of the same emotions have been on display when it comes to the low-income, generally low-performing school.

However public opinion has changed dramatically.

"Where the ghetto once seemed a menace, threatening to swallow the city like an encroaching desert, now it often appears, in scholarly articles and the popular press, as an endangered habitat."

The reality may be, however, that displacements from gentrification are not be as widespread as is commonly thought. That's because underlying mobility rates are already relatively high in these communities, as evictions, better opportunities, and other shifts move families in and out of low-income areas.

In addition, "Gentrification needn’t be zero-sum, because gentrifying neighborhoods may become more densely populated, with new arrivals adding to, rather than supplanting, those currently resident. 

Sympathetic scholars, recent focus on gentrification, and questions about underlying mobility rates suggest that the common "gentrification = bad" construction that's prevalent right now might warrant some careful rethinking. Perhaps changes to neighborhood schools -- demographic, programmatic, etc. -- shouldn't necessarily be viewed with immediate suspicion. Perhaps gentrification isn't universally bad. 

Related posts:

Morning Video: Strong Results (Again) For "Becoming A Man"

"A new study finds a program that works with at-risk young men in Chicago schools reduced overall arrests in the group by 35 percent, violent crime arrests by 50 percent and boosted on-time high school graduation for participants by 19 percent." via WTTW Chicago Public Television (Program for At-Risk Youth Cuts Arrests by 35 Percent)

Quotes: "It Took Me A While To See Past Race."

Quotes2Like many white people, my only experience of institutions was majority white. And so there was a learning curve for me. I was a little uncomfortable the first day of kindergarten. I saw black families – I didn’t see individuals. I saw Hispanic families … It took me a while to see past race, in a way, if that makes any sense, and to see that these were potential friends for me, these were potential allies, mom friends.

- Brooklyn parent and author Lucinda Rosenfeld, talking with WNYC's Rebecca Caroll and the NYT's Nikole Hannah-Jones at a recent panel on school segregation (What role should parents play in promoting integration?). Rosenfeld's next novel, about a white mom choosing a majority-minority school for her child, comes out early next year. 

Maps: Nearly 200 "Island" Districts Segregate School Communities

Reform critics like to talk about big social issues like poverty, or focus on reform challenges like racial segregation in charter schools, but downplay ignore structural issues in public education like school assignment policies and district boundaries.

It's not just attendance zones and school assignment policies within districts that contribute to segregation and school inequality. According to a new report from EdBuild, school district boundaries themselves play a dramatic role in "segregating communities and separating low-income kids from educational opportunity." The most vivid examples of this effect are "island" districts entirely surrounded by other school districts of vastly different means.

"The way we fund schools in the United States creates incentives for communities to segregate along socioeconomic lines in order to preserve local wealth. In so doing, communities create arbitrary borders that serve to lock students into, or out of, opportunity. This reality is especially glaring in the case of island school districts that are entirely surrounded by single districts of very different means."

While there are nearly 200 examples nationwide, the report highlights examples in Oakland, Freehold NJ, and Columbus OH.

 

Charts: Seattle High School Illustrates Integration/Inequality Problem

Seattle's Garfield High School is integrated in terms of student demographics, but not when it comes to participation in advanced courses (or where students hang out), notes this Seattle Times story.

AM News: What's Next For DC Schools? Plus Seattle, NYC, Indianapolis, Chicago

With Kaya Henderson leaving, Bowser has a decision to make - The Washington Post ow.ly/CPWx301PUcE

The end of busing in Indianapolis: 35 years later, a more segregated system calls it quits bit.ly/29cevii

Garfield High principal navigates racial divide | The Seattle Times pllqt.it/UhslkY

Pittsburgh school directors reviewed report on superintendent's resume for 1 hour before vote | TribLIVE ow.ly/LxTf301PTVw

Schools Can't Accurately Measure Poor Students | US News ow.ly/nbYd301PVEQ

Research is limited on the systemic impact of restorative justice | Education Dive ow.ly/uv1I301OslQ
 
CPS pays $657 million for pensions, leaving district with $83M | Chicago Sun-Times ow.ly/DlHs301PV9X
 
How One Bronx School Got More Parents Involved - WNYC ow.ly/3uIO301PUje
 
Did the city bet against one of its Renewal schools making progress? Supporters of M.S. 50 in Williamsburg say yes. nyti.ms/293Vcmd
 

Amid teacher hiring binge, Philly union cries foul - Philadelphia newsworks.org/index.php/educ…

First Teachers Union in Post-Katrina New Orleans Inks Contractblogs.edweek.org/edweek/teacher…

Bellevue schools consider banning many short-term suspensions | The Seattle Times ow.ly/gCfJ301PUDq

Afternoon Video: Choosing A School When Race Is An Issue

Here's the video from last night's WNYC #raceinschools conversation including Lucinda Rosenfeld, Nikole Hannah-Jones, and Rebecca Carol. 

Quotes: DC's Henderson Credits Mayoral Control Over Schools

Quotes2I don’t think we could have done this if I had to answer to a school board. My superintendent colleagues spend the vast majority of their time trying to convince people to allow them to do what is good and right for kids. That’s never how I spend my time. I take great ideas to great leaders and they say yes or they say no and we keep it moving. There is no way that we could have gotten as far as we have gotten without mayoral control.

- DC Schools Chancellor Kaya Henderson explaining keys to her success on WAMU (Chancellor Kaya Henderson Says She's Leaving D.C. Public Schools)

Books: Forthcoming Novel Highlights White Parents & Diverse Schools

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Lucinda Rosenfeld's new novel, Class, is scheduled to come out in a few months, but we're already starting to hear about it this summer.

According to the Amazon blurb, the book focuses on "idealistic forty-something Karen Kipple" who sends her kid to an integrated Brooklyn school.

"But when a troubled student from a nearby housing project begins bullying children in Ruby's class, the distant social and economic issues Karen has always claimed to care about so passionately feel uncomfortably close to home."

Sounds interesting -- if also perhaps stereotypical. But perhaps that's the point. Anyway, can't wait to read it. 

Meantime, Rosenfeld is on a panel tonight at 7 with Nikole Hannah-Jones and Rebecca Carroll.

Crossed fingers they'll talk about the UWS parents who are trying to block school integration, along with the Brooklyn situation.

You can watch the livestream here.

Afternoon Video: Two Contrasting Charter School Models

This video highlights Avalon School in St. Paul, Minn., and Alliance College-Ready Public Schools, Los Angeles, Calif -- one charter led by teachers, another part of a college-prep focused network. (Charter Schools After 25 Years: Inside Two Contrasting Schools via EdWeek)

Quotes: UWS Parents Tout Diversity & Defend Resistance To Integration At The Same Time

Quotes2There aren't a lot of African Americans who live on the Upper West Side...We were sad to learn that, you know? I would like more diversity, but we chose to move to this place because we put the quality of the education at a higher value.

-- An unnamed UWS parent in this Gothamist piece (UWS Parents Fight Proposal To Relocate School)

Quotes: Segregation & White Middle Class Voters

Quotes2School segregation is the result of intentional policy choices and governmental interventions. It was constructed, and to end it we must deconstruct it through further interventions. We also must acknowledge that segregation was created at the behest of middle class white voters and business leaders and it can only be undone at their behest.

- Nate Bowling (We have the answer, we choose to ignore it)

Charts: Making the Grade in America's Big Cities

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Here's an Urban Institute look at how various big-city school systems look, using NAEP TUDA data and controlling for demographics.  Click the link to read the report. 

Quotes: "Stop Talking To The Press" About Their School, Advises Former "Daily Show" Correspondent

Quotes2So I urge you A, to stop talking to the press... This is a private matter, I think, from our community. This story doesn't exist without your quotes... Be mindful of when you speak, if you're going to speak to the press, because slandering or saying anything negative about this teaching staff is wrong... Conversely, painting any opposition as classist or racist is about as bad as it can get.

-- Jason Jones quoted on WNYC (Advice from Jason Jones to Upper West Side Parents: Don't Talk to the Press)



Photos: A Different Kind Of Yearbook

Morning Video: In SF & Elsewhere, Elite Public Schools Struggle To Diversify

"San Francisco’s Lowell High School is one of the most selective public schools in the country. But the school’s selectivity means that black and Latino students, who are often less prepared for academic rigor than Lowell’s majority-Asian students, are underrepresented." via PBS NewsHour.

Or, watch this kid imitate Presidential candidates at his graduation.

Afternoon Video: Watch EduHam Kids Perform

Still buzzing over the Sunday Tony awards show? Me, too. Check out the show performances if you missed any here, or click the link above and watch some of the NYC high school kids who've been attending the show and performing for Lin Manuel-Miranda as part of what Scholastic's Wayne D'Orio dubbed "Hamilton 101." It's pretty cool to watch them. The video is about a half-hour long.

Morning Video: "I Care About Diversity, But..."

"I Care About Diversity, But...": Moving from Talk to Action from NewSchools Venture Fund on Vimeo.

Here's an hourlong panel from this year's recent NSVF Summit addressing the gap between the idea of diversity and making it happen. The topic seems especially timely given this last weekend's NYT Sunday Magazine article about how individual parent decisions cumulatively reinforce residential segregation and school assignment policies.

Want more? There's another panel What Will it Take to Integrate Our Schools? that also looks good. 

 

 

Maps: Detroit & DC Have High Chronic Absence Rates, Says USDE

image from download.gannett.edgesuite.net

"Overall, the national average of chronic absenteeism was 13 percent, or about 6.5 million students, the Education Department said....Detroit Public Schools has the highest rate of chronic absenteeism among the nation’s largest 100 school districts." via AP

Morning Video: Baltimore Teens Push Towards Graduation

Quotes: It Takes More Than Demographics To Integrate A School

 

Quotes2When you have people coming from all different neighborhoods to come to school together, they have no reason or way to get to know each other unless you sort of rip the top off the school and say the school is going to be the community.

- Community Roots Charter School Co-Founder Allison Keil in WNYC (How One Brooklyn Charter School Integrates With Intention)

Morning Video: When Middle-Class Parents Send Their Kids To Segregated Schools

This WNYC video short shows NYT writer Nikole Hannah-Jones and her husband taking their daughter to a segregated school in Brooklyn. Read the accompanying article by WNYC's Rebecca Carroll here, or the NYT piece about the decision and the controversy over rezoning the segregated school to give wealthier white kids access to the building.

#EDgif Of The Day: Projected School-Level Changes Under "Controlled Choice" In NYC

Here's a GIF showing how each school in NYC's District 1 would be affected by a controlled choice school integration initiative, based on a model presented by WNYC in its school integration series.

As you can see in the top row, schools that currently have almost 100 percent poor kids would see an influx of nonpoor kids. The bottom row shows how schools with relatively high percentages of nonpoor kids would gain poor classmates under a model plan.

The plan would phase in over time, and only new students (kindergartners, mostly) would be affected. But obviously these would be big changes for schools and families. Some families won't have choices. But we all know what happens when more affluent families don't get what they want. 

Livestream: #EquityMatters Gathers Academics & Education Journalists

Watch above, check out the details here. #equitymatters

 

Charts: Comparing Denver, NOLA, & DC On 2015 PARCC ELA

More data here.

AM News: NOLA Plan Returns Charters To Local Control

New Orleans Plan: Charter Schools, With a Return to Local Control - The New York Times ow.ly/T2Bk3004sT8

Yes, the feds could pull North Carolina’s education funding for violating transgender civil rights - Washington Post ow.ly/3EXB3004sJw

U.S. Urges Colleges to Rethink Questions About Criminal Records - The New York Times ow.ly/9aLI3004sG6

Teacher prep programs attracting/accepting disproportionate share of white candidates pllqt.it/BkQOjO

NYC mayor draws scrutiny over developer-funded pet project - Salon.com ow.ly/MBKV3004teR

Union-commissioned report says charter schools are bleeding money from traditional ones - LA Times ow.ly/rB5y3004t8p

Don't just invest in charter schools': school board seeks help to grow L.A. Unified's best programs | 89.3 KPCC ow.ly/wTPa3004sEc

How migrant students from Central America get shut out of some US schools | Public Radio International ow.ly/1oIT3004sDo

Morning Video: Chicago Principal Accuses Mayor Emanuel Of Corruption

Watch WGN TV coverage of the LaRavierre/Emanuel conflict (which for the record has not been fully reported by independent media). Or, click here to watch President Obama talk to Howard University students about being young, gifted, and black in 2016. Or, check out this 360 degree video of a tornado.

AM News: New Orleans Returns, DC Teachers Protest, Detroit Bailout Moves

Decade after Katrina, New Orleans poised to regain schools : AP Article ow.ly/4nuzGA

D.C. teachers protest salaries and failed contract negotiations - The Washington Post ow.ly/4nuzi2

Michigan House Passes Legislation to Pay Off Debt of Detroit Schools - WSJ http://ow.ly/4nuGVi

Survey: Nearly half of teachers would quit now for higher-paying job http://ow.ly/4nuGZb

ALEC summit in Pittsburgh to attract lawmakers, controversy | TribLIVE ow.ly/4ntLU6

Donald Trump Says He Likes Local School Boards, But Don't Tell That to Los Angeles -Education Week ow.ly/4nuzAi

Randi Weingarten: Donald Trump's Rhetoric Has Contaminated Schools - Politics K-12 - Education Week ow.ly/4nuzEk

Top State Senator Attacks de Blasio on School Control Push - The New York Times ow.ly/4nuzua

Funding US Schools | OPB ow.ly/4nuzT1

Emanuel: Teachers union tax ideas not an answer for school funding - Chicago Tribune ow.ly/4nuA1A

Police: Gunman Killed Estranged Wife Outside High School - ABC News ow.ly/4nuzX9

Deep Inside New York's JFK Airport, There's A High School : NPR Ed : NPR ow.ly/4nuzta

 

Charts: Inter-District Racial Segregation Is The Real [Much Harder] Problem, Folks

Screen Shot 2016-05-05 at 4.50.36 PM

So much of the recent attention towards school segregation has focused on within-district segregation, which makes sense. Gentrification, attendance zone boundaries, immigration, and other factors all play a role there, and are relatively easily understood and at least theoretically addressed by a single school district or mayoral agency.  

But as USC's Ann Owens explained at last week's #EWA16 event, the most segregation takes place between different districts.

One reason this may garner less attention is that it makes it harder to consider what the solutions might be when two semi-autonomous public agencies are involved, and one of them is probably much better-off than the other. Consolidating districts? Good luck with that. Transfer agreements between districts? NCLB called for those but generated precious few actual transfers.

Interested in more about media coverage of segregation? Check out my column at The Grade about the surge in coverage, and some possible problems it raises.

Credit Ann Owens and sources listed.

 

Morning Video: Late-Night TV Returns To Teaching

 

Here's Seth Myers talking about Teacher Appreciation Week and the Detroit teachers sick-out. Via Valeria Strauss. Meantime, Chicago teachers seem to be backing off their move towards a second strike.

AM News: Jane Sanders On Testing, Clinton Treads Lightly, Plus Detroit and Chicago

Jane Sanders: Bernie and I Stand With Unions and Against Standardized Testing - Politics K-12 via The Nation https://t.co/bQ1dLOWTWE

In NY, Clinton treads lightly in praise of uncontroversial school [Eagle Academy]| POLITICO

Sick-out by Teachers Shuts Nearly All Detroit Public Schools - ABC News https://t.co/sDjoln5DAA

CTU: Teachers leaning away from May strike  

Nearly 300 11th graders opt out in Burbank CA | 89.3 KPCC https://t.co/1d1AvP93wk

Paying For America's Schools: Is There A Better Way? : NPR https://t.co/fp9lMGiWAI

Access to education a challenge for NY immigrants | Newsday https://t.co/4PvvGlkS1H

Charts: Income & Achievement Matches -- With Variations

A NYT piece out today emphasizes the strong correlation between income and student achievement. This chart reads: "6th graders in richest districts test 4 grades ahead of peers in poorest."

Some districts, like Union City, NJ seem to beat the odds. Others -- especially areas with large SES variations and school segregation -- show large gaps between low- and high-income student populations. 

Folks like @thaddomina were quick to point out that the data also show that "the variation among SES-similar districts is important, too." The MSDF's Joe Siedleki picked New Orleans out.

Quotes: NJ Gov. Christie Back To Bashing Baraka

Quotes2As the mayor knows, the demand for public charter schools grows every year in his city...Unfortunately, the mayor pursues policies which look to close the doors of new or expanded public charter schools to Newark families in order to pursue his pro-union political agenda. The state will stop him from doing so.

- NJ Governor Chris Christie (Christie calls Baraka funding criticisms part of 'pro-union' agenda)

Quotes: NYC's Publicly Funded Preschool Expansion Looks A Lot Like A Voucher Program

Quotes2Observers and policymakers refer easily to New York’s pre-K program as part of the “public” education system or at the very least as a “public” education program. Yet vouchers for K-12 private schools are often criticized for “privatizing” public education.

-- James Ryan in Medium (The Largest Voucher Program You’ve Never Heard About)

People: Don't Know Who Keron Blair Is? You Should.

 

CREDIT: KERON BLAIR/FACEBOOK

 
Meet Keron Blair, described as the Organizer Behind Education Protests Sweeping The Country in this ThinkProgress piece. I've been following him and the coalition he helps organize, AROS (Alliance to Reclaim Our Schools). AROS puts out the useful "This Week In Education Organizing" email. They were at NPE in North Carolina a couple of weekends ago. They're organization another round of Walk-Ins on 5/4 (next week). Details here.

 

People: Catching Up With Uber-Teacher Larry Ferlazzo

image from blogs.scholastic.com
 
If you haven't already gotten to know about Larry Ferlazzo, well, I don't know what to do with you at this point. The prolific Sacramento teacher/blogger is everywhere online, and has been so for several years now. I've written about him several times in the past here. 
 
And yet I have to admit I learned some new things talking to him for Scholastic Administrator (Catching Up With Larry Ferlazzo) including that he used to be a labor organizer and that he's still playing league basketball. He's also got interesting thoughts about ELL instruction, handling a large workload, and federal education policy. Favorite Ferlazzo response: "Sometimes the only thing worse than losing a power struggle is winning one."
 

Morning Video: It's Not Just Flint Schools That Have Water Safety Concerns

"Over the past few decades, school districts in Los Angeles, New York City, Seattle, Washington and elsewhere have found higher than acceptable lead levels in their students’ drinking water due to old plumbing systems." via PBS NewsHour.

Events: NYC High School Kids Rap History At "Hamilton"

WNYC's Beth Fertig was at the performance (as was NYC schools head Carmen Farina) and Fertig's piece about the student performances on Broadway is running on NPR this morning: "Broadway's 'Hamilton' Makes Its Way Into NYC's High School Curriculum" ow.ly/10EAor

#edGIF Of The Day: "Why Is Being Educated Considered A 'White Thing'"?

One of BuzzFeed's latest videos, purportedly about questions black people want to ask other black people, has generated reactions ranging from 😬 to 😡.

One of the questions is a version of the age-old "acting white" issue, which Vox debunked not too long ago: The most insidious myth about black kids and achievement

Seriously, some people are really offended by the attempted humor. For example: 27 Answers To Buzzfeed’s Dumb Video. This is probably where I should provide a trigger warning. 

Related posts: Why Do Journalists Love Shaky Science on Race? Eduwonkette; How Barack Obama's Election Can Change the Myth of 'Acting White' NY Mag.

 

Today: NYC Kids Get To See Broadway "Hamilton"

"#EduHam What an experience these @NYCSchools HS juniors will have today!"

Charts: Riverside, San Antonio, Houston Top "Low College Grad Rate" List

Via The Atlantic via EWA

Events: See You At The Yale SOM Education Conference

Most Likely to Succeed Trailer from One Potato Productions on Vimeo.

Along with many others, I'm going to be at the Yale SOM Education Conference (which actually starts tonight and goes through tomorrow).

The Friday morning keynotes are going to be Thrive Chicago's Sandra Abrevaya and Northside Achievement Zone's Sondra Samuels.

The closing keynote is DFER head Shavar Jeffries.

The panel on Common Core testing (which I'm moderating) features Chicago NBCT Sherisse A. Lucas, Dr. Ilene Tracey Director of Instruction and School Improvement, New Haven Public Schools, Ken Wagner Commissioner, Rhode Island Department of Education Commissioner, Dianna Wentzell Commissioner, CT State Department of Education

You can find the full event schedule here.

There are also going to be screenings of the film, Most Likely To Succeed (see trailer above), which focuses among other things on the projects and presentations that are part of the model developed at High Tech High. 

For those of you who'll be following along online, the official hashtag is #DefiningSuccess2016  and you can find more on Instagram at @yalesomelc2016.

School Police: San Antonio Girl Slammed To Ground

The latest in a string of videos featuring school police acting in a deeply unsettling way, now trending on social media. 

Quotes: Black Superintendent Reacts To "Jim Crow" Accusation From White Protesters

Quotes2I’m not going to stand by while someone who doesn’t look like me accuses me of carrying out some form of Jim Crow... I teach my own kids that no one can take your dignity and only you can control your temper. I tell them that I know who I am. I know my history.

- Oakland superintendent Antwan Wilson quoted in this SF Chronicle column (Superintendent gets schooled in Oakland’s turbulent politics)

Trailers: "All The Difference" Scheduled For POV In September

The new season of PBS's POV series "Seek Redemption, Justice, Peace" starts in May and features at least one segment "All The Difference" focused on the struggles of two South Side Chicago teens named Robert and Krishaun who are trying to graduate high school and go on to college. The piece "follows the young men through five years of hard work, sacrifice, setbacks and uncertainty." Watch the trailer above. Look for it in September. 

 

Quotes: Public Systems (Including Education) Feed Off, Fail Too Many Kids

Quotes2By the time someone is coming to us job-ready, they've been failed by the healthcare system, the education system; by housing, by law enforcement... Maybe the foster care system, maybe the prison-industrial complex. And also, those systems have fed off of them, and they have a complete lack of trust in any sort of system operating for them.

--  Crown Heights Mediation Center's Amy Ellenbogen in VICE (How 'Violence Interrupters' Are Trying to Stop Gang Shootings in Brooklyn)

 

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Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in This Week In Education are strictly those of the author and do not reflect the opinions or endorsement of Scholastic, Inc.