"Missouri is on the verge of revoking its common-standards adoption...The newest addition to the "considering-unadoption" states is South Carolina." (EdWeek: Revoking the Common Standards: An Idea Under Consideration in Several States)
"In a report for the Hamilton Project, they propose allocating $400 million over five years to competitive program that would select forty cities, in each of which a local nonprofit would offer the program to 500 youths." (How Chicago is using psychotherapy to fight crime — and winning Vox)
Indiana: Common Core Replaced With State Standards AP: One of the first states to adopt Common Core education standards became the first state to formally abandon the national benchmarks.
Separate Indiana education standards may be costly JC Online: Indiana schools are bracing to spend as much as $125 million to train teachers on proposed new education standards in the wake of the state’s rejection of national Common Core benchmarks. Via RCE.
Michigan Could Be Next State on Ed. Dept.'s NCLB Waiver Endangered List PK12: Michigan doesn't require that assessment data be used in teacher evaluations. And, like Washington, Michigan will need to seek a legislative change to include them.
Steve Jobs' Death Inspired Goal To Get Kids Coding WAMU: Many public schools do not offer computer science classes, even though tech workers are in high demand. Now 30 public school districts have partnered with the nonprofit Code.org to get kids coding.
Arne Duncan: Donald Sterling should have no role in the NBA Politico: “I don’t think he has a place or a role in the NBA,” Duncan said without hesitation.
What Parents Need To Know About Big Data And Student Privacy WAMU: States are tracking students as early as preschool. Better data could boost the efficiency and effectiveness of teaching and learning. But it can also be exposed to hackers and marketers.
The Public School Where The Duke Lives On WAMU: Nowhere is the legacy of Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington — among the greatest composer/bandleaders in history — more profound than at the Washington, D.C., arts high school which bears his name.
School official: Texas student planned violence AP: A 17-year-old boy who hid a loaded AK-47 assault rifle in a school bathroom and two loaded handguns in his backpack intended to "commit a violent act," a school official said, but the plan was foiled when his parents discovered the weapons missing at home and alerted school administrators....
In Albany, officials wave pre-K warning flags for New York City ChalkbeatNY: Officials said they lack capacity to handle the extra work, mostly because the department received no new money for the job.
Brooklyn educators chronicle students' difficult matriculations NY Daily News: He’s guided more than a thousand Brooklyn students from low-income homes to college across the country — including ivy league Cornell — and he wants to help thousands more.
For starters, there are already lots of schools named after Obama, and some of them aren't particularly high-performing ones.
It's going to be the 11th selective enrollment school -- not a neighborhood one. The use of TIF funding is controversial, of course.Naming a school after a living individual is always risky business.
Then again, there's a shortage of seats in existing SE schools, and a dearth of college-educated families who keep their kids in CPS through high school. Obama is closely identified with Chicago. He'll be done with his second term about the same time as the new school opens.
Lots of coverage -- and surely more to come -- plus an informal list of schools already in existence below.
This nice little 5-minute video goes along with NPR's story from earlier today.
Via the PBS NewsHour's Friday show: "Last month, Indiana became the first state to drop the Common Core standards it had already adopted... This month, Oklahoma became the latest state to take a big step toward repealing the Common Core education standards."
This trailer describes both the history of the school itself and the stunning inadequacy of supply of seats given the talent and the demand. Via CPS Obsessed.
From the NYT. Story here.
It's not quite a SuperCut, but HuffPost's Rebecca Klein has assembled a bunch of Obama speeches in which he talks about high standards but avoids saying "Common Core."
On Friday, they let Duncan talk to the White House press corps and he ended up answering questions about the Common Core. via The Blaze. #someonepleasgifthis
Parents are considered something close to the ultimate authority in most school situations, and can opt their children out of all sorts of things including sex ed, recess, and immunizations. They can take their kids out of school (within limits).
It hasn't always been the case, but in many states, they can now opt their children out of public education entirely, and homeschool.
But apparently the parental prerogative is not universal when it comes to standardized testing in Illinois, where the latest wrinkle in the opt out efforts of a relative handful of Chicago parents is the determination that they can't just sign a note or fill out a form.
Read on for more details -- and some questions.
Tutoring plus mentoring (in Chicago the program is called Becoming A Man) can have profound results, according to recent research. Via Chicago Public Television.
I figure since I missed this 2011 WNYC segment featuring Mark ("Match On Dry Grass") Warren and Desiree Pilgrim Hunter (BCCC), maybe you did, too. I found it and lots of other videotape, etc. from the 2012 conference. Were you there? Did you already know about all these efforts? Have they been successful and effective, locally and/or nationally, since then?
Washington Gov. Jay Inslee seeks to keep waiver from No Child Left Behind law The Oregonian: Jay Inslee says he had a productive meeting with U.S. Education Secretary Arne Duncan on Sunday to discuss options to preserve the state's waiver from provisions of the federal No Child Left Behind law.
When Grownups Take the SAT The New Yorker: Since Kaplan set up shop, test-prep tutoring has come out of the basement. It’s now a billion-dollar industry whose primary product is heartache: college admission is, after all, a zero-sum game.
As High Schoolers Wait For College Notices, D.C. Fights To Get Students To Apply WAMU: Thousands of high school seniors across our region are waiting to hear if they've gotten into the colleges of their choice, but in the District, D.C. public schools are making a big push to get students — especially those from low-income backgrounds — ready for higher education.
Charters' desire for closed schools will be a difficult sell for CPS and city Chicago Tribune: The growing charter movement is one logical use for the 43 recently vacated CPS school buildings, but the district promised during the painful process of closing schools last year that it would not allow privately run charters into the buildings. CPS said it had nothing to do with Legacy's proposal.
After years of talk, MPS takes decisive action on the achievement gap MinnPost: When the announcement was made at the Minneapolis School Board’s February meeting that an office was being created to focus specifically on the welfare of black boys there was polite applause and a palpable wave of Minnesota Nice discomfort.
Public schools recruiting international high schoolers USA Today: Newcomb is one of a number of school districts -- both public and private -- quietly taking advantage of a growing interest in an American education by cash-ready international students. Federal statistics show that the number of international high schoolers arriving in the USA on F-1 visas has jumped from about 6,500 in 2007 to 65,000 in 2012.
More news below (and throughout the day via @alexanderrusso).
Taken at Buck Lodge Middle School in Adelphi, Maryland on February 4, 2014
So was the Senate HELP Commmittee, way back in 2011-2012.
That's right. There was language in the bipartisan Harkin ESEA bill calling for the creation of a national commission that would have, among other things, been charged with "determining the frequency, length, and scheduling of such tests and assessments, and measuring, in hours and days, the student and teacher time spent on testing."
The Senate language was proposed by Senators Alexander and Bennet.
Indeed, Bennet introduced standalone legislation last year. Colorado has been working on auditing and coordinating tests for several years, according to this 2011 Durango Herald opinion piece. Alexander is listed as a co-sponsor.
Since then, the noise surrounding test proliferation and/or test uses has risen exponentially -- warranted or not, we don't really know. Chicago and DC have already initiated testing audit/streamlining procedures.
The TeachPlus report that came out the other day indicated that there were large variations around the country, and that official and classroom views of the testing burden are very different. However, the report was limited to a small set of districts. [See here for some updated information on why its Chicago numbers were initially wrong.]
I proposed something along the same lines in my latest Scholastic Administrator column: "Secretary Duncan has at least one thing he could do with his remaining time in office that could be both effective at preserving his initiatives and popular with educators and parents. He could begin to address concerns over test proliferation... Serving as a watchdog against overtesting, he would also effectively be protecting the Common Core assessments during a very vulnerable time."
Hardcore testing opponents would not be appeased, of course -- look no further than the reactions to the New York State attempts to compromise on Common Core implementation for evidence of that. But, depending on the results such an audit provided, everyone else might be reassured and glad to know how different states and districts compare.
No word back yet about whether the USDE had taken a position on the language or not -- or what they think of the idea now.
Much has been made of the fact that states were "forced" to adopt Common Core for financial and other reasons, but if that was the case then why would 17 of them have adopted Common Core but not the Medicaid expansion offered under the Affordable Care Act? EdWeek's Andrew Ujifusa delves into the apparent paradox.
My new column for Scholastic Administrator proposes that the Obama administration undertake an audit and establish some testing guidelines for states and district to work with -- not a mandate, just some parameters.
Why bother? Earlier this year, I noted that for all the hullabaloo surrounding overtesting we didn't really know all that much about test proliferation beyond anecdotal reports and isolated (and sometimes hyperbolic) media accounts. There is no national data that I've found. FairTest doesn't track this information comprehensively.
Some parents and teachers seemed to feel like there was way more testing than in the past. Some were just objecting to new, harder tests or to new, controversial uses of the test results (to rate teachers not just schools or kids).
Last week, Teach Plus took a stab at answering some of the questions about test proliferation and variations among districts and states. Even with findings revised to reflect changes in Chicago, there were clearly large differences among districts in terms of how much testing and time were involved -- and large differences between official time for administration and teachers' accounts even before test prep time was included.
Of course, the USDE has its hands full with test-related issues over which it has more direct control than whatever add-ons states and districts have layered onto federal requirements. The Secretary has given out 5 "double-test" waivers (CT, MS, MT, SD, VT) and has another 10 under review (CA, IA, IL, IA, KS, MD, MA, NV, OR, WA). Three states (ID, MT, and SD) are going to use their new field test assessments. Connecticut is going to use the field test assessments for 90 percent of districts. California is going to use them for elementary school accountability.
But I still think that it'd be a good idea for someone to take a national snapshot of where we are on the testing burden front. Right now, the whole discussion is happening in the absence of consistent and reliable data. Image via @scholasticadms *Fixed link - thanks, KL
DC's City Paper notes that EdSec Duncan makes a cameo appearance -- in Mayor Vincent Gray's latest education video, and that his predecessor worked hard to get an endorsement from Duncan (but never apparently got one).
(1) Correctly ID at least three of the faceless bureaucrats who are depicted.
(2) Correctly ID exactly when during the speech the image was taken.
(3) Come up with a better caption than these two:
"See, we told you he was going to talk about schools"
"Hey, no pictures. My spouse thinks I'm out playing poker."
Picking schools is one of the most intense debates in education. So it's no surprise that there are 350 comments and counting on this January 17 Gothamist blog post in which a NYC newcomer asks a NYC veteran (pictured, as a youth) whether to send their kids to the public school in a gentrifying neighborhood or do the private school thing?
What makes the post extra interesting is that the local public elementary under consideration -- PS 9 -- recently lost its Title I funding and is now hard to get into from out of zone and is precariously close to flipping (like Petrilli et el described in a recent Washington Post oped).They proposed various measures to help schools encourage and support diversity rather than flip entirely (that whole ugly gentrification thing).
Some good news is on the horizon, though. Just this morning, the USDE put out some new charter school guidance that allows them to use a weighted lottery to prevent flipping, which they were formerly prohibited from doing if they wanted to get the $500K charter school startup money. There are a handful of diverse charters in Brooklyn near PS 9, and a few more opening. I wrote about diverse charters like DSST, Community Roots, and Brooklyn Prospect in Educatoion Next not too long ago.
Late last night I came across a CJR article noting that Politico's much-discussed Pro subscription model was likely to work because there were enough folks in DC with the need and the budget to buy it -- with a specific mention of the USDE's Office of Communications.
Indeed, there was a link to an official-looking RFP from December in which the USDE does indicate an interest in getting in on the Politico coverage. Nobody else can provide the "timely breaking news & in-depth, targeted coverage POLITICO Pro provides," according to the RFP.
However, the USDE is not after all a Politico subscriber, says the USDE's Massie Ritsch:
“Politico has assembled a team of talented reporters and editors who have quickly contributed news and insight to the ongoing dialogue about education. The Department explored subscribing to Politico Pro but we were unable to negotiate a reasonable price to justify signing up.”
One issue that may have come up is that it's not clear if you can subscribe just to one vertical (education, health, etc.) or whether you have to get them all. CJR says that it's $8,000 for five users, but that might not be accurate. CJR also notes that at higher price points Politico doesn't actually need that many buyers.
Anyway, we're still looking for someone willing to tell us that they subscribe to the Pro version of the site. Come on, it's OK to brag. Screenshot or it didn't happen. Image via wow that's an old clip art.
So far, at least, I've come up with a measly handful of things that President Obama could propose and implement without Congressional approval -- neither of which is likely to get mentioned tonight or done anytime soon.
But they're good ideas -- take a look, White House speechwriters! -- and others have lots of ideas. They're not going to happen, either -- and hey, it's possible that something could come out of tonight's speech. Unlikely, but possible.
Herewith, 4 Russo recommendations (none of them really my ideas) for actions Obama could take on the education front in his speech tonight, related to high-intensity tutoring, charter school diversity, an audit of testing, and a renewed call for equitable teacher distribution (Vergara!).
Image: The Dialectic, via Wired
Via Valerie Strauss, who notes that Duncan weighed in against Starr for NYC but doesn't mention that (a) she wrote the story (and some considered it to be journalistically problematic) and (b) that Duncan also used to tout test score increases when he was a superindent in Chicago so he's calling himself out as well as everyone else.
In anticipation of tomorrow night's class-based State Of The Union speech, enjoy this scene from 1998's prep school classic, Rushmore. "They can buy anything, but they can't buy backbone." via Gothamist
Success for All Again Scores Big, And Loses, in i3 Contest Politics K12: For two years in a row, Baltimore-based school turnaround organization Success for All has earned the top score in the scale-up category of the federal Investing in Innovation contest, only to be passed over, U.S. Department of Education records confirm.
New York Wants To Give Special Education Kids Easier Tests Like 'The Old South,' Advocate Says Huffington Post: Should students with disabilities be held to the same academic standards and tests as other kids their age? That decades-old question is being revived by a debate in New York. Some advocates charge that a proposed tweak to the state's No Child Left Behind update may shortchange vulnerable students -- and, if approved, could spread to other states.
De Blasio, a Critic of Charter Schools, May Need Them for His Pre-K Agenda NYT: Mayor de Blasio is looking for classroom space and qualified teachers to accommodate 50,000 prekindergartners. Charter schools are willing, but not allowed to provide prekindergarten.
Arizona Hopes New Charter Schools Can Lift Poor Phoenix Area NYT: A movement in Phoenix to open 25 high-performing schools in the next five years is focused on test scores in the growing Latino population
Most D.C. residents give public schools low ratings in poll Washington Post: The share of District residents who think that the city’s public schools are performing well has more than doubled since the mid-1990s, but most continue to give low ratings to the schools.
Teachers union set to demand salary hike of 17.6 percent LA School Report: The UTLA House of Representatives last night voted to demand a significant salary hike for teachers — an increase of nearly 20 percent.
In Age of School Shootings, Lockdown Drills Are the New Duck-and-Cover NYT: At the whiff of a threat, a generation growing up in the shadow of Columbine and Sandy Hook is trained to snap off the lights, lock the doors and take refuge in corners and closets.
More news below and from overnight on Twitter (@alexanderrusso)
As you may have read (Politico had it first that I saw) earlier this week, Chicago Teachers Union invited firebrand Reverend Jeremiah Wright to speak at an MLK-related breakfast Wednesday morning, and from what I've seen since then Wright didn't disappoint. Watch video above (via HuffPost) or click below for other news coverage.
As we begin another spring testing season, educators will further highlight the educational malpractice being imposed on our students by bubble-in accountability. This year, we will also showcase the countdown to the failure of NCLB to meet its accountability targets.
Surprisingly, true believers in high-stakes testing aren't ignoring the law's anniversary and its target of 100% proficiency. The Democrats for Education Reform Statement Marks the Twelfth Anniversary of the No Child Left Behind Act press release brags that "NCLB’s policies are now a permanent part of the education policy landscape."
DFER's Charlie Barone was an architect of NCLB and yet he proclaims the truth that reformers usually prefer to duck. He compares "current reform efforts on issues like standards, assessments, choice, teacher evaluation, and tenure" to NCLB.
If you liked NCLB, you will love DFER's, Arne Duncan's, and the Billionaires Boys Club's versions of NCLB-type testing on steroids. I'm curious, however, about the data that DFER cites to celebrate the output-driven mandates of the last twelve years. It links to data produced by "its inexorable march forward" to top-down micromanaging of our diverse nation's schools. It shows the $1000 per low-income student, per year increase in Title I, input-driven spending. DFER remains silent about any supposed increases in student performance.
The noneducators who gave us NCLB and the even worse policies of the Duncan administration remain preoccupied with their political fights. Their lesson from NCLB is focused on "those pushing back," i.e. their adult nemeses. Once again, reformers show themselves oblivious to real-world outputs, the effects of their handiwork on poor students of color.-JT(@drjohnthompson)Image via.
Harlem Children's Zone student introduced President Obama at last week's Promise Zone announcement:
Remember, Promise Zones and Promise Neighborhoods are different things and that claims surrounding the original Harlem Children's Zone have been challenged and attempts to replicate it have been difficult. New York Daily News Via HuffPost and ChalkbeatNY.
The White House is looking for student filmmakers to share short films about " the power of technology in classrooms" -- the deadline is January 29.
The past week or so has seen a small resurgence of questions about the Washington Post's hard-working education blogger, Valerie Strauss, whose offerings at The Answer Sheet have generally run contra the current reform movement.
First word of it that I saw came from Patrick "Eduflack" Riccards, who raised questions about the appropriateness of having Strauss write a 12/31 front-page story (given her record as a blogger) and poked holes in the reporting and writing of the piece itself (about Duncan's possible involvement in the NYC chancellor selection process). Read it here: Personal Agendas and Objective Reporting.
Strauss usually writes for online only, not in print, and isn't an education columnist in the traditional sense like the Post's Jay Mathews or the Times' former education columnists Michael Winerip, Richard Rothstein, or Sam Freedman. But her work -- or should I say the guest posts she frequently runs? -- appears under the Post banner online, and the distinctions between different categories of stories aren't always apparent online, anyway.
Andy Rotherham has some additional thoughts about the story's lack of context here.
EdWeek's PoliticsK12 blog also published this entry (How Much Sway Does Arne Duncan Have in Local Decisions, Anyway?) noting Strauss's tendency towards "sometimes" criticism of the Obama administration's education policies and its main advocate, Arne Duncan and that it's unclear if Duncan's input would have had any effect, anyway.
I would only add that we still don't know whether the story was pitched or not, and by whom, or who advocated for it within the newsroom. Regardless, the Washington Post editors who assigned and edited and placed the story so prominently-- not just Strauss -- who are responsible for the quality and appropriateness of the story, as well as its placement on the front page, as well as that it was a holiday week and other reporters may not have been available.
Previous posts: Who Are Education's Biggest Trolls (Besides Me)?; WashPost Blog Irks Reformy Blogger; Debating Valerie Strauss. More here. Disclosure: Strauss has run one or two pieces that I've written -- and turned down one or two as well.
Click this half-hour CSPAN video from just before the holidays above (or here if it doesn't load properly) and/or read this PoliticsK12 blog post about the appearance (AFT's Weingarten Talks Michelle Rhee, Common Core, Pitfalls in Obama's Education Strategy) which highlights Weingarten's stance on standardized testing uses and on DC's recent successes.
De Blasio Launches Formal Campaign for Pre-K WNYC: The mayor-elect unveiled its first video at the childcare center Friends of Crown Heights. He was surrounded by children's advocates from several organizations, as well as the economist Jeffrey Sachs—who is among several luminaries lending his name to the cause.
Formal Beginning to de Blasio’s Plan to Expand, and Pay for, Prekindergarten NYT: Mayor-elect Bill de Blasio has lined up celebrities and other notables in an effort to marshal public support for a tax on high-earners to improve New York City’s prekindergarten and after-school programs.
Texas Shuttering Campuses At Six Charter Schools Texas Tribune: Identified for closure under the law are American Youthworks in Austin; Azleway Charter School in Tyler; Honors Academy in Farmers Branch; and Jamie's House Charter School, Koinonia Community Learning Academy, and the Richard Milburn Academy in Houston. Several of the schools focus on serving troubled youth or high school dropouts.
School Leaders On What Determines Student Success NPR: Host Michel Martin continues her conversation with school leaders about students' math and reading skills.
D.C. adopts new K-12 science standards Washington Post: The D.C. State Board of Education voted Wednesday to adopt new K-12 science standards meant to strengthen science education by prioritizing critical thinking and problem solving over memorization of facts.
How to Share Space and Still Get Along WNYC: This week, the Department of Education and the New York City Charter School Center, via NYC Collaborates, brought a group of principals together to talk about how to share nicely, or nicer anyway. Here are their top four lessons.
Chicago Board of Ed: Downsized headquarters, supersized contract, and military school WBEZ: Chicago’s school board approved a number of measures at the monthly board meeting Wednesday:
How young newsmakers helped shape the world in 2013 PBS NewsHour:From drone strikes and cutting edge medical research, to Hollywood talent and European immigration, youth from around the world challenged us to view their issues more compassionately and unite across ideological lines. We look back at some of the year's top young newsmakers.
U.S. Department of Education to Redo SIG Analysis Due to Contractor Error PoliticsK12: The analysis, which was released just a couple of weeks ago, excluded about half of the schools that entered the newly revamped SIG program in its first year (the 2010-11 school year) and about a third of the schools that started in the second year (the 2011-12 school year.) It's unclear if the do-over will significantly change those conclusions.
Head Start funding partially restored in federal budget deal EdSource Today: Head Start lost about 57,000 slots for children, including more than 5,600 in California, because of cuts under federal sequestration, a program of automatically triggered, across-the-board spending cuts. These cuts have continued to ripple through Head Start operations month by month as they cycle through their federal grant processes.
Arrest Leads to Shake-Up of Alexander's Leadership Team PoliticsK12: Longtime Capitol Hill staffer and edu-nerd extraordinaire David Cleary, the GOP staff director for the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee, has become the chief of staff to Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn. Alexander, a former U.S. secretary of education, currently serves as the top GOP lawmaker on the Senate education committee.
Mike Huckabee's "Common Core is Dead" Line Not What He Told State Chiefs State EdWatch:The former Arkansas governor said he is dissatisfied with the implementation of the common core and how it has become "hijacked" by other interests.
Charter Leader Denies Insider's Advantage WNYC: “I’m not suggesting that I don’t know anyone at Tweed, I do,” she said, referring to the D.O.E.'s headquarters. “So if you’re saying can I pick up the phone and call folks, yes, I can. But does that mean from a policy perspective I’ve gotten any advantages? Absolutely not.”
Lots more news below.
There’s no clear trend for public spending on education as a percentage of the U.S. economy, but public investment hasn’t withered. -- FackCheck.org
FactCheck.org took a look at President Obama's claim last week that education spending was withering over time and came to the conclusion that he was wrong (Obama on Education Investments). "It has increased from 4.7 percent [of GDP]in 1985 to 5.1 percent in 2010 with ups and downs along the way."
It’s fascinating to watch a lot of armchair quarterbacking [about Duncan’s competitive grant and waiver programs]... People never want to critique money that goes to prop up the status quo. -- TN state commissioner Kevin Huffman in Stephanie Simon's recent Politico piece
"In the past, public school standards varied state to state. With backing from the federal government, some governors and superintendents collaborated on a national "Common Core." But they define only the "what" -- what kids should know, not how they should be taught." (Defining What Public School Students Should Know) Rebroadcast from 08/2013
In 2009, Arne was the new sheriff in town, with big boxes of ammunition and a shiny new gun. Now, it’s later in the movie and he’s all out of bullets and he’s trying to scare states by shaking a stick at them. - Rick Hess in Stephanie Simon's recent Politico piece
The 50-state strategy [to ensure equitable distribution of effective teachers] should have been started 12 years ago. [The new waiver renewal guidance is] disappointing, and it sends a message that it's not at the top of their agenda. -- EdTrust's Kate Tromble in EdWeek (Civil Rights Groups Wary on Waiver-Renewal Guidelines
In 2009, Arne Duncan must have told President Obama that his School Improvement Grant (SIG) experiment was risky. SIG would cost nearly $5 billion, as it tried to jumpstart the nation's lowest-performing 5,000 schools. There was no time for laying a foundation for transformational change. In lieu of planning, a top-down governance would be imposed. Principals would be anointed as divine monarchs and told to produce transformational change in only three years - or else.
Collective punishment would be imposed on teachers. This would encourage other teacher-bashers to step up the blame game. One of the Democratic Party's most loyal constituencies, teachers' unions, would be alienated and the rank-in-file demoralized. If the benefits were only incremental, would a backlash against education be encouraged?
What would the President have decided if warned that gains on reading tests would only be 2.5 points per year? Could he not anticipate conservatives such as Education Next's Andy Smarick noting "a cost of one billion dollars for each point of improvement in reading proficiency." (emphasis in the original) Had Duncan warned the President that those low performing schools would only increase their reading scores by 1.5 points per year faster than all other schools, would the President have asked about the down sides of a gamble that produced such small benefits?
Above all, had the President been told that student performance would decline in 1/3rd of schools, would he have asked follow-up questions? Was there something inherent in the federal micromanaging of SIG that would encourage primitive teach-to-the-test that would backfire and make conditions worse for many students?-JT(@drjohnthompson) image via.